Until now, the story of our 'Trio' has remained untold, and for good reason: The story behind the events that brought the 'Trio' together was a mystery; a suspense thriller from the past, and a geopolitical documentary that is still playing out in the present.
Not wishing to tangle with the works of the tribe who call themselves 'historians', the 'Trio' began to refer to everything that was not related to today, as being related to yesterday, and thus they became 'YesterTecs'. That did not happen overnight, because their investigation into events of yesterday came about due to a series of questions. In fact, the beginning work of the YesterTec Trio was so gradual that they were individually unaware that they were investigating an expansive subject matter that stretched back in time, not just over years, but over decades, and even into the mists of human existence.
This is a true story.
It is a complicated story, because when the 'Trio' began their investigation, it was after the passage of many years since the foundational events they were enquiring into had taken place. More than that, those foundational events each had different authors, and the individual creators of those events were secretive about they were actually doing, rather than making it known what they were really doing.
Human rivalry: jealousy, and greed all played their part to confuse, mislead and disguise the fact that there is a continuing master storyline to be discovered. But in the beginning, the 'Trio' merely came into contact with individuals who knew intriguing pieces of what is in fact a gigantic jigsaw puzzle with thousands of interlocking pieces. But the complete 'picture on the box' of this particular jigsaw puzzle is yet to be seen, because not all of the pieces have been located. However, enough pieces have now been found and assembled so that we can begin to offer this description about the mystery that it has concealed from view.
We can refer to a jigsaw with thousands of pieces, or we can liken this mystery to a pebble being dropped into a pool of still water where its plunge has created a displacement that creates ripples radiating in all directions which in turn creates more ripples of displacement, and they continue to do so until the originating energy has dissipated into stillness once more.
There was an original discovery of a single piece of the jigsaw puzzle, or to use the alternative analogy, a very small stone was dropped into a body of liquid, and it created a radiating chain of ripples. That originating piece of a puzzle, or the pebble that was dropped into water, came in the form of a question posed during 1985. That event took place after the 'Trio' had already come into close contact with Don Pierson and Ben Toney.
The question became memorialized within the text of an academic paper during 2008 when it was published as part of the contents of British and American Studies, volume XIV, issue 14, page 218: “Why can you play rock and roll all day on the radio in America, but not in the United Kingdom?” The relationship to the year in which this question was asked, is relative to the rules and regulations governing the public playing of recorded music on the British airwaves at that time. The event that triggered this question was a failure to restart 'Radio London' as a successful American network show, and as a new offshore radio station personally promoted by Don Pierson, and managed by Ben Toney.
According to one popular publication of October 1972, in that year only four books were still in print that related to offshore broadcasting, and three of them had the earmarks of the same author. Of those only one of actually dealt with the period from 1964 to 1967; another publication by that same author was a redacted translation about events in Sweden prior to 1964, but which laid the groundwork for events that followed in the United Kingdom, and one publication was authored by a paid ghost writer working for a public relations firm engaged in 'selling' a political story about the Radio Caroline twin station venture of the Sixties.
Unfortunately, most of the information that was bobbing around about the years of offshore broadcasting from 1964 to 1967 was of a dubious nature, because it was either hearsay; vanity publishing; misreporting, or intentionally misleading propaganda. It was not until 1980 that the 'Trio' began to form as a group and take a unitary interest in this subject. That grew out of a business relationship with Don Pierson which led to an involved relationship with Ben Toney. A sequential chain of events then led to the question about playing rock and roll all day on the radio. But that question from 1985 was not published until 2008 when it first appeared in the journal called British and American Studies, under the title of The Pedigree of America's Constitution: An Alternative Explanation.
Although that academic publication was not the first in the related series that followed, it was because of that question that the 'Trio' then began to document all aspects of their ongoing investigation into the real story of British broadcasting. It is a story with many strange twists and turns due to the varied interests of those who are its authors. The 'Trio' who are also referred to as 'YesterTecs' are obviously not the authors of this omnibus story, they are but enquiring observers. The only way for us to document any of our findings is to place them within the context of events as they unfolded, and that has resulted in more of our published works appearing in academic journals, rather than in the popular press.
However, it is the general interest press and various forms of 'vanity' publishing in which a populist history of British broadcasting has been appearing. Those accounts are not peer reviewed, and neither do they meet court room standards of evidence. They are mostly fictitious and fanciful fables that contradict each other, and reality. Consequently, many followers of that 'social' form of publishing become displeased to find that our research is continuing to unmask their claims as gossip and hearsay.
In this recital we are now able to reveal the context in which a parallel but contradictory twin version of events has taken place. The question from 1985 about rock and roll, is directly related to an involvement by the Trio with Ben Toney, and his relationship with both Don Pierson and Philip Birch.
There also are five timelines related to the 'Trio'. One of them predates events of 1964. Another one stretches from 1964 to 1967. A third begins in approximately 1980 and lasts until about 1999. The fourth begins in 2000 and lasts until approximately 2014, and the final one (we hope), began in 2014 and continues through until the present time.
In other words, this is not a single-track timeline relating to a single and well-defined topic of research. It has many twists and turns, and most of them fall into the category of 'serendipitous' or any other word that describes events that are more than happenstance; more than planned, and more than fortuitous that combined lead to a unique trail of discovery in which each piece of new information reveals a little more of a picture that those putting it together have not yet seen before or in its entirely. For that matter, neither has anyone else. So, in explaining this story we will be touching upon these several timelines within the context of this investigative report. This is where the story becomes of interest to our 'Trio', but not all together, that is, not all three simultaneously.
A previously noted, Philip Birch was hired by Don Pierson to manage the pass-through advertising sales, and Ben Toney, who was also hired by Don Pierson, was given the job of both managing activities on board the ship and coordinating management of broadcasting and sales when he was on shore. It was this set of responsibilities that created friction with Philip Birch who had a genuine advertising agency background, while Ben Toney had a background in working on the programming side of small-town radio stations in Texas.
Then there was Burton Kanter in Chicago. He had the favor of a number of shareholders in Texas, because Kanter was able to save them from having to pay taxes on their profits gained from investments in Pierson's enterprise. Clearly Birch understood the American auto industry and the way it sold its products to the American public, because Birch worked for one of America's largest advertising agencies, and therefore Kanter and Birch had a similar understanding of the way to "work the system" for the benefit of shareholders who expected a big return on their investments.
Don Pierson may have belonged to the fraternity of car dealers and Texas entrepreneurs who dabbled in all kinds of ideas and investments, but to make any of his money work for him, he needs people like Burton Kanter. So, Ben Toney was really a junior player when it came to a struggle for power with Philip Birch. Toney was not in the same league as Birth. It was not a level playing field at all, and Birch soon had the upper hand when he took de facto control over the London management of Pierson's radio station, and that left Ben Toney acting as a glorified Program Director.
Ben Toney also found himself in an inferior position when it came to the programming of the station, because first and foremost this was a commercial venture designed to provide a good return on financial investment for the shareholders. That was in the hands of Burton Kanter.
Pierson's plan was to approach Gordon McLendon and obtain permission to use studio made recordings of the daily output of KLIF in Dallas in order to create 'Radio KLIF London'. 'Big D' would become 'Big L', and the Dallas commercials; news and weather would all be replaced by London-based similar information. Even the KLIF Dallas station jingles made by PAMS in Dallas could be tinkered with.
When Don Pierson flew to London and tried to meet with Ronan O'Rahilly, he expected to meet an equal, like two Texas auto dealers meeting at the equivalent of a Chamber of Commerce coffee breakfast. He expected to get advice from someone already in the same business, but what Pierson did not know is that Ronan O'Rahilly refused to meet with him, because Ronan O'Rahilly was merely a 'front-man' who had no control over anything and no knowledge of anything that mattered.
In fact, when word filtered back via Jocelyn Stevens to Dr Peter Marxer in Valduz, Liechtenstein where the financial base of both the Atlanta and Caroline operations were located, Marxer, who was certainly the equal of Burton Kanter, then became alarmed when Pierson announced his plans to start 'Radio KLIF London', and he sent word back to London to formulated an attempted 'buy-off' Don Pierson's venture, before it even got on the air! Naturally Pierson referred everything back to Chicago and attorney Burton Kanter.
In essence, Marxer was now dealing with Kanter, or to put it in plain language, the fate of 'Radio KLIF London' was becoming entangled with 'Radio Atlanta' and 'Radio Caroline', but none of the lessor players had any idea of what was going on. That is, except for Harmon Grisewood whose job at the BBC was to advise its Chairman, Sir Hugh Carleton Greene. Their internal report about 'Atlanta' and 'Caroline' revealed that they were well aware of the part being played behind the scenes by Dr Marxer and his Swiss registered business operating in Liechtenstein, and that is before they became aware of Pierson's intrusion and his planned radio station.
Who was informing the top brass at the BBC? Their internal memorandum indicated that it originated within the advertising community located in the Republic of Ireland. That was the home of Charles Orr Stanley who controlled the Pye Group of companies.
In 1964, the Republic of Ireland was also the home of a massive construction job involving Brown and Root of Houston, Texas. They were part of a conglomerate of interests constructing an offshore radio and television island with a transmitting tower to be aimed at the Netherlands. That is where the oil and gas interests of Texas had been taking an interest in European exploration, after a huge on-land gas field had been discovered with pointers that it stretched out into the North Sea.
Brown and Root, which became part of Haliburton, had previously worked under the WWII national government of Winston Churchill developing oil and gas fields in Northern England, and they too stretched out into the North Sea. But the technology to extract offshore oil and gas back in those days was not developed and it was expensive, whereas on-land oil and gas was plentiful and cheap by comparison.
Pierson of course was totally unaware of any of this. But he had another problem which emerged from the world of his colleagues: the auto dealers. One of them became an influential key shareholder. His name is Mal McIlwain and he owned the McIlwain Ford Company dealership in Abilene, Texas. In February 1963, Mal had been given a write-up in the Abilene Reporter-News, with a story about the "Ford Motor Company's new models" which included "the Galaxie 500 Sports Hardtop ...." and the name of that car was about to give Don Pierson a headache.
The advertising account for Ford Motors was handled in New York by J. Walter Thompson, and that is the firm that Philip Birch worked for. Birch had a refined English accent that would fit in with London's aristocratic scene which controlled the financial heartbeat of the United Kingdom. Birch would make an excellent sales representative for Pierson's radio station. McIllwain knew Birch and put forward his name to Pierson.
McIlwain also had a connection to attorney Burton Kanter in Chicago, and this lawyer was on his way to becoming the doyen of defeating national governments who wanted to tax businesses. Kanter and Marxer were engaged in different versions of the same sort of business practices. However, the circle was made complete by connecting with Birch who shortly after Pierson hired him in writing specifying his job title and duties, began to cause Pierson trouble. Instead of dealing directly with Pierson, Birch began dealing with Kanter.
Birch began to dispute the entire Pierson business plan of using recordings from KLIF Dallas. It was 1964, and a few months earlier on November 22, 1963, President John F. Kennedy had been assassinated on a bright sunny day at Noon on a Dallas street surrounded by onlooking admirers. Birch did not want there to be any association with Dallas, and so he proposed using names such as 'Radio X' or 'Radio Galaxy' or was it 'Galaxie', the Ford model name? Birch reasoned that the new station would be much more powerful than its rivals 'Radio Atlanta' and 'Radio Caroline', and 'Radio Galaxy' or 'Galaxie' would refer to something large and ambitious.
Pierson was furious because Birch wanted to scrap the KLIF recordings and reprogram the station to reflect a very British big band sort of sound, and he even commissioned a set of jingles from a British studio. The net result was that Pierson, who was in London and within spitting distance of the short-term lease premises rented by Birch on Curzon Street, soon discovered that he could not speak directly to Birch. Instead, Pierson had to call Chicago from London and explain the problem to Kanter who then called London to speak to Birch!
In the end a settlement was reached with the ship being renamed 'Galaxy', which was supposed to have been spelled 'Galaxie' to reflect the eponymous Ford model, and 'KLIF' was dropped from the station name when it became simply 'Radio London'. The British jingles were also scrapped and Ben Toney set about recruiting and training novices to become disc jockeys by listening to recordings of McLendon's DJs at work. Because Toney now had his hands full by recruiting, training and planning an entire station format, the question of rivalry between Birch and Toney was also solved in Birch's favor.
Out of luck was Don Pierson. He was left quietly seething with rage. Don was not a loudmouth, but he was not used to having his own ideas and dreams stolen from him. But on the other side of the fence, the equally quiet duo of Philip Birch and Ben Toney also had their own versions about what had just taken place. Given the secrecy surrounding O'Rahilly who was but a stooge for others, the writers of newspaper and magazine articles got busy interviewing whoever would talk to them.
Meanwhile, another player, who with partner/brother in Aldridge Advertising of London, was about to make his own mark on the story of Radio London. In addition to the usual fare of commercial businesses and charities, these two brothers each represented two separate buyers of airtime that used it to preach their own versions of the Christian gospel.
This storyline will continue tomorrow ....
When it first came on the air, Radio Caroline and then Radio Atlanta seemed to be just pop music pirate stations. There were other stations that followed, but they were amateurish affairs.
Then came Radio London and someone from somewhere seemed to be taking this idea of alternative broadcasting to the BBC very seriously. More clones followed. After that came Radio England and Britain Radio, and that two-station venture seemed to have the backing of some financially ambitious interests based in Texas, USA.
But back to Radio London. It really began regular programming at the beginning of 1965, and Radio England and then Britain Radio created quite a publicity storm when those stations came on the air in 1966. Unfortunately their arrival coincided with a murder which involved Radio Caroline and a lessor enterprise called Radio City. In turn, that bad news then triggered a succession of government spokesmen, the most famous (infamous) one being Tony Benn, all vowing to shut down these illegal operations.
Some called them 'extra-illegal' because their offending transmitters were, for the most part, on the ship-based stations and beyond the reach of UK law. Radio Scotland for a time moved itself within UK territorial waters and incurred a summons to appear in a UK court. Radio 390 was on a disused UK military fort, and the UK finally went to great lengths to prove that it was within British Territorial Waters. When the UK authorities had gathered enough hard evidence, they dragged its operators into court and that forced Radio 390 off the air by using existing legislation.
Now this is where the story becomes of interest to our 'Trio', but not all together, that is, not all three simultaneously. That phase began during the close of the Nineteen-Seventies, and the location was the conurbation called the 'Metroplex'. That is the name applied to a geographical area surrounding the combined cities of Fort Worth and Dallas in Texas, USA. It has a population now over seven and a half million people. (The current population of Scotland is over five million, while the population of London is over nine million, and all of England is over fifty-six million.) In terms of size, the entire geography of the United Kingdom fits inside the State of Texas twice, with room to spare.
This geographical focus has created a problem of longstanding proportions for its inhabitants. Texas is so big that it can take between 14 to 16 hours to drive from its eastern border to its western border. The geographical size of Texas has also been accompanied by overwhelming access to petroleum products resulting in low cost fuel for a Texas population that either flies or self-drives, and which looks upon public transportation as a poor alternative.
But you can't drive from Texas to the British Isles, and in the Nineteen Sixties you could not fly directly from anywhere in Texas to the British Isles, that is on a regularly scheduled airline flight plan. Texans in the Nineteen Sixties dominated the USA geopolitical landscape, because with its petroleum it could fuel the nation and with its cattle and crops it could feed the nation. Texas was powerful, but Texas were isolationists because they were isolated, except during a major international military crisis, and then its industrial military complex of companies revved-up their war output. The world according to many Texans was composed of Texas and other lands and water outside of Texas - that really were of no interest to Texans - except when someone from somewhere-else other than Texas, tried to poke their nose into the affairs of Texans. Then Texans sat up and asked: "What's going on?"
When we look back to 1964 through the eyes of Don Pierson who was at one point sitting in his favorite arm chair and reading one of the 'local' metropolitan newspapers about the arrival of Radio Caroline, what he read, and what he gathered from that article, was not what someone in the UK would have read and more importantly, what they would have gathered in comprehension from that article. Pierson had been raised by his grandparents as he entered his teens, and then, after leaving school he learned to fly courtesy of Uncle Sam. In 1964 he was now a dealer in several makes of cars. He was the owner of a small hotel and he lived in a small town called Eastland with a population of about three thousand people.
Eastland is over 50 miles further west from the city of Abilene, Texas. (There is another and larger eponymous namesake in Kansas.) Abilene is where Don had interests in managing a bank. Abilene is about a hundred miles from Fort Worth. There were no freeways (motorways) back in 1964 which linked Don with Dallas Love Field, and it was the nearest international airport to Easland. Dallas is over 30 miles from Fort Worth. Distance, especially distances in 1964, are essential to understanding Don Pierson and the creation of Radio London.
That Sunday in 1964, after reading his newspaper, Don made a decision to find out for himself what Radio Caroline was all about. He drove from Eastland to Dallas Love Field where he caught a 'red eye' flight. He eventually arrived in England, where after checking into a hotel, he lease a small plane and flew out over the North Sea. He took his camera with him. Below he saw not one, but two radio ships: mv Caroline and mv Mi Amigo. He took photographs and then, back in London he tried to meet with Ronan O'Rahilly, because the press said that O'Rahilly was responsible for initiating 'Radio Caroline', but, he said, O'Rahilly refused to meet with him.
So Don Pierson returned to Texas with his photographs and first impressions of Radio Caroline after listening to the station in his London hotel room. In Eastland he began calling his friends and associates. Out of this came two groups of investors. One connected to Pierson via family, and the other one connected by automobiles and oil business interests.
Meanwhile, Don also turned to Gordon McLendon for advice about what he had discovered: London did not have even one commercial daytime radio station. At night there was Radio Luxembourg, but during the day, while Texans were tuning-into many stations playing various versions of recorded music, the occupants of London, England had a choice of three non-commercial networks, all controlled by one organization, and none of them playing pop records back-to-back.
However, while the British Broadcasting Corporation (BBC) was playing recorded music, and some of its selections included Elvis Presley, the Beatles and a lot of records that could be heard on Gordon McLendon's stations, but there was a difference. While McLendon's stations offered a steady stream of pop music, the BBC was very spotty in offering anything similar. At night, the promotional output of Radio Luxembourg told young listeners to buy records if they wanted to hear them, because by then, '208' Luxembourg had switched from its original post-WWII fare of both original and cloned versions of U.S. NBC mixed programming. to a non-disguised version of 'paylola' promotions.
Pierson noted the success of McLendon's stations in the much smaller Texas marketplace amidst a sea of competitors, and he wondered what would happen if he could get McLendon's permission to take a cloned version of McLendon's Dallas station to England on board a ship. He would call it 'Radio KLIF London' and record the programs in the Dallas studio as they were being transmitted, and then, after editing out Texas commercials, news and weather, he would leave blank spots for the insertion of British commercials, news and weather, by a studio operative on board the ship. This would be a relatively low-cost operation that could be put together fairly quickly and the tried and true programming style of McLendon would blow-away the amateurish output of 'Radio Caroline', and what appeared to be its competitor called 'Radio Atlanta'.
However, there were several foundational flaws in the Pierson business plan that he was totally unaware of at the time, and some of them he remained unaware of until the day he died.
The first one had to do with the slant put on the newspaper report that he read. It was influenced by Leslie Perrin Associates, a public relations firm with longstanding ties going back to the creation of the 'New Musical Express' that emerged in the very early Nineteen Fifties. Perrin had been instructed to publish a totally fake story about the people behind the start of Radio Caroline, and their reasons for starting it.
Ronan O'Rahilly was a 'front', a fake, a 'stooge' who also held anarchistic political views, which meant that he had no attachment to the existing framework of British governance, and he was entirely selfish in his approach to life: "what's mine is mine, and what's yours is mine." By his own admission in writing, O'Rahilly had developed his outlook as a child growing up in Ireland. He saw nothing wrong in using and abusing his childhood friends, and O'Rahilly claims to have been an academic failure bobbing around schools where he cheated as much as he could. Perrin has dressed-up O'Rahilly for the press, and he created a dangerous illusion for anyone such as Pierson to come into contact with.
Another problem that Pierson had was in the division among the financial interests behind his project.
That problem did not come from his family attachments, but from the auto and fuel group. They turned to a Chicago lawyer for guidance. His name is Burton Kanter. What Kanter offered these investors was an idea that was good for Kanter and good for them, and even good for Don Pierson. It involved Kanter using the 'Radio London Project' as a guinea pig to try out his formula for creating tax-free income via foreign banks under his control.
Kanter was well connected to associates linked to the Central Intelligence Agency (CIA), and to both the Jewish and Italian 'Mafia'. Kanter's plan channeled money that the Texans would make in the UK to a bank offshore in the Bahamas. The money would be deposited via a London bank, but it would not go into a London bank account. In this way it could be 'laundered' in such a way that the Texas investors had access to all of their individual financial gains - totally free of any form of taxation, by any government. That made 'Radio London' a win-win situation for the auto branch of the investing pool.
But this "auto-led" investment link to Kanter, and not primarily to Don Pierson, quickly undermined both Don's plans and his authority, because although Pierson hired Philip Birch to rent a short-term property in London, and then hire but one secretary to handle advertising sales, Birch had other ideas.
Philip Birch had his own connections to the U.S. auto business via J. Walter Thompson Advertising and their Ford auto account. That is what Birch had worked on in North America, before he was hired by Pierson (upon recommendation by a Texas auto dealer.) Birch was at JWT when H.R. Haldeman was there, the same H.R. Haldeman who became President Nixon's White House Chief of Staff during the 'Watergate' affair. Haldeman was subsequently sent to prison for his part in the cover-up of that political scandal.
In other words, Philip Birch who had been recommended to Pierson by a Ford dealer, was not what Philip Birch appeared to be to Don Pierson, because 'Radio KLIF London' ceased to be a Pierson operation almost as soon as he spelled out his business plan. It was Kanter's tax-saving business plan that made the money for investors, not simply the initial plan of competitive commercial broadcasting. However, all of this unfolded in a series of events.
Birch was told not to open a British bank account but to use a "pass-though" system initiated by Kanter, and Pierson agreed to this idea. All income derived from advertising sales in England were to be billed by an operating company registered in the Bahamas trading through a Bahamian bank, which was of course under the control of Kanter and his CIA contacts.
But since 'Radio KLIF London' was initially a Pierson idea, he also hired a hands-on station manager to run both the station and its programming. His name is Ben Toney and he hailed from another small town on the fringe of the western edge of Fort Worth.
While Philip Birch was to manage the advertising pass-through sales, Ben Toney was at times to be managing activities on board the ship, when he was not on shore coordinating management activities in London with Philip Birch. This schedule obviously brought Birch into contact with Toney, and that resulted in a tangled struggle for power initiated by Birch with the help of Kanter.
This storyline continues tomorrow .....
He was you know, if you read what he says about the ship that became the mv Caroline. See our companion blog for details. In the meantime, here' s Bobby Rydell ....
Beginning on our companion blog (see link above), Ronan O'Rahilly is revealed in his own words which he spun in 1973. It will be followed by a commentary and then Part Two. Ronan O'Rahilly strips himself bare to the charge that he was everything that a business person would run from, unless they were looking for someone who was willing to tell lies for a fee, and get his listeners to believe him.
By October 1972, the fake story in book format about the start of Radio Caroline in 1964 had all but vanished.
But a new series of books by people who had no knowledge of the financing and management of the original Radio Caroline two-ship stations began to appear when amateurs rescued one of the two former radio ships from a breaker's yard, and pretended that Radio Caroline had returned. That was a lie. Radio Caroline, the real Radio Caroline which lasted from March 1964 until August 1967, was dead, never to return.
Steve Martin told the truth, according to anoraks.
You can be a millionaire, except that you might have to pay taxes on the million dollars, because as any anorak will tell you, when Planet Productions Limited was registered to sell airtime on February 25, 1964, the ship; the broadcasting equipment; the ship's crew; the disc jockeys; the land office address and everything else was bought and paid for, and all someone had to do was register a sales company and begin raking in the money.
Who paid for this wonderful arrangement?
The arrangement whereby a business had been created and handed to a sales company to begin making money for themselves.
Who paid for the business that allowed the sales people to make money?
What a wonderful world sang Louis, and he was right, wasn't he boys and girls?
Correction, make that daydreaming old geezers who call themselves anoraks.
You really do have to find your own million dollars (or pounds) before you can pay the taxes on it that you will owe, unless of course, like Steve Martin you don't have a million dollars and therefore you don't owe taxes on the million dollars that you don't have.
What does this mean?
Ask Paul Rusling, he wrote a bible about all this and his "Sir Hans Knot" says you should read it every day.
Maybe like Mike Wilson you have read it several times and it still doesn't make sense.
Oh well, Steve Martin was only doing stand-up comedy.
What was Paul Rusling doing?
Stealing from others and hoping to rake in his own million dollars or pounds or some form of currency.
Do you wonder if he paid taxes on it?
That question was posed in response to our previous post:
".... as the blog says lots of lies become truth but when does the truth become fact!."
The answer is that truth is fact when the facts are true. But that question was followed by another question, possibly by another person using another phony identity, but on the same Blog, and that person preceded their question with this statement:
".... you're on a hiding to nothing with this Managing Director business. Of course you won't find a legitimate company."
Then came the question that was more in the form of a statement that the writer wanted us to endorse:
"Ask yourself this: If you were setting up or running an illegal or semi- illegal enterprise, would you leave a creditable paper trail for someone to find, or come clean at a later date? Of course you wouldn't. You would leave smokescreen after smokescreen and that's exactly what they did. It is no great shock horror scandal that you cannot put all the pieces together. It is something that everyone knew all along."
This is a typical anorak response because we have found more than one legitimate company with regards to the Radio Caroline (1964-1967) operation, and they were not illegal or semi-illegal enterprises!
It is very difficult to not leave behind a paper trail for someone to find, if you are running a legitimate enterprise, and the various companies were legitimate.
Now where the smokescreen comes into play is with two people: Ronan O'Rahilly and Ian Cowper Ross. We debunked the claims of Ronan O'Rahilly by investigating his claims about Greenore and his father. Ronan O'Rahilly made stuff up about both topics and then other people simply quoted Ronan O'Rahilly!
When it came to Ian Cowper Ross and his 'Jimmy' story, well it was necessary to discover everything there was to know about Ian Cowper Ross and especially his father. We investigated his entire family genealogy back to New Zealand. So we know who Ian's father, mother and grandfather are, and, if we wanted to spend more time and money, we could know everything about his great-grandfather, and so on.
We also know all about his father's two marriages; his step-brother (and everything about him); Ian's court appearances for dangerous driving and causing an accident; where he went to school; his various family addresses in England, and of course the big one: what his father did for a living. He was, as we have stated before, in the dry-cleaning business. Therefore, we have of course investigated everything about that business and we even bought an old letterhead with his father listed as one of the directors. We think we know what happened to his father, meaning where and when he died.
Having dispensed with the lies we are digging deeper and deeper into the background of the companies we mentioned, and anoraks, because they are very stupid people who swallow lies and nonsense, have no idea of what we now know - apart from the snippets we have revealed.
One big snippet that we have not revealed is who was Caroline, and why was that name chosen for a radio station. We now know the answer, but we are not as yet prepared to reveal the answer.
It has been written and broadcast repeatedly that Ronan O'Rahilly and Allan James Crawford were joint managing directors of Radio Caroline. Then it was written in OEM (see post below), that Barry Ainley became the Managing Director of Radio Caroline, except that:
"The managing director is the highest management position in a company."
But there is a problem with that statement:
From 1964 though 1967 there was no single enterprise or company that was registered anywhere and called Radio Caroline. There was no company which conducted the affairs of the entity known as Radio Caroline. So what was Radio Caroline, and what was its purpose and who defined that purpose? What did these phantom "managing directors" manage and direct, if there was no company to manage and no company to be a director of, let alone become the "managing director"?
Why do anoraks avoid this basic question?
Anoraks who self-publish.
We made a mistake! It seems that a few posts ago on this Blog we made a howler! Not only was the USSR's Nikita Khrushchev in office from September 14, 1953, until October 14, 1964, but during the same year that his dictatorship began, Paul Rusling was born, and the day before the Tories lost office, Khruschev was also thrown out of office. So the author that "Sir Hans Knot" told us to sit up and pay attention to was not 6 years old as we previously stated, but 11 years old. Well, that makes all the difference in the world, doesn't it? We were just flat-out wrong. Now if only our watchers would take note of the actual issues of real importance by beginning with debunking the mythology about "Jimmy", well, we might be getting somewhere. But no, we have to console ourselves with correcting the year in which the author of the 'Bible' was born.
Yesterday, U.S. President Joe Biden delivered a rambling Q and A news conference, and more than once he stopped full-track in front of two weird microphones that only allowed for his directional words to be properly picked-up when he was standing right in front of them.
Meanwhile, in the press room, non-directional stereo microphones picked up all questions very clearly. But several times Joe Biden seem to stop; go quiet in mid-sentence; sometimes close his eyes, or look up at the ceiling as if a voice from somewhere was telling Joe to "shut up" - to the effect that "you can't say that".
But he did say something in keeping with what we published yesterday, and except for one non-redacted account on a BBC site today, an explosive combination of words = "nuclear" and "war" seem to have been removed.
It is not his references to NATO and "strategic" weapons and even "nuclear weapons" that seem to have vanished, but the reference to "nuclear war" tied to the escalation of a war that begins small and then drags in other European nations and results in "nuclear war" that seem to alarm the secret censors of redacted texts.
It was the escalation of a small incident at the start of the 'Great War' that turned it into World War One. The same thing happened in World War Two .... but now
A Nuclear World War Three?
This is what President Joe Biden said yesterday on CNN and other news outlets for the world's listeners to hear for themselves and see his lips moving as he said them in response to a reporter's question (as reported in text by the BBC on their web site):
Asked how concerned he was about the possibility of a conflict in Ukraine sucking in neighbouring NATO states, he said:
"The only war that is worse than one that's intended is when it's unintended and what I'm concerned about is that this could get out of hand.
I am hoping that Vladimir Putin understands that he is, short of a full-blown nuclear war, he is not in a very good position to dominate the world. And so I don't think he thinks that, but it is a concern."
(Source for quotation: https://www.bbc.co.uk/news/world-europe-60061300)
Today, January 19, 2022, both the UK and USA are dozing under a deluge of non-important domestic issues while the stage is being set for a potential World War III of nuclear portions, and it involves possible showdowns with Russia and China.
Behind this geopolitical nightmare are lecturers who inhabit political science classrooms. These are the people who 'advise' political leaders. On a black comedy level, that cluster of 1964 movies called 'Dr Strangelove' (January); 'Seven Days in May' (February) and 'Fail Safe'' (October) came about in the wake of the April 1961 failed invasion of Cuba at the 'Bay of Pigs', and it was followed in August of that year by the USSR building the Berlin Wall. In response to both of those events, and as reflected in the three movies mentioned, 'classroom' theorists argued for and against all out nuclear war to bring about a solution to the so-called 'East-West nuclear divide' of geopolitical domination.
Today we could be witnessing another round in this same silly 'game' which seems to begin after lengthy pauses between sessions. Right now there are two main issues before the classroom clowns who are playing this game, one involves Russia and Ukraine, and the other one involves China and Taiwan. But, if you are just following the order of news shown on television in both the UK and USA, you can easily become distracted by all kinds of domestic trivia that in the long run has no impact whatsoever on the lives of the average person.
What also becomes of interest is that the politicians who mouth the words of their speech-writers who are the spokesmen for the dominant side in the geopolitical classroom debates, is that scrutiny of past actions reveals that the politicians who appear to be saying one thing to the public, are planning on contingency plans to do the exact opposite in private discussions with their 'advisors' - the classroom clowns.
It therefore becomes very interesting to this investigation to follow the events that resulted in what we have termed the 'panic murder' of John F. Kennedy in the middle of the day, in broad daylight, and surrounded by crowds of onlookers, that took place in Dallas, Texas on Friday, November 22, 1963. To kill such an important person in such a public manner, not by chance but by design, is illogical. In 2022, to be still asking questions about that event and who perpetrated it and why, seems to be a ridiculous state of affairs, and yet it is true.
Now, in 2022 there exists a mountain of books, articles, news clippings, radio and television documentary recordings that feature two ships: the motor vessels 'Mi Amigo' and 'Olga Patricia'. Both have legacies going back to the Central Intelligence Agency (CIA) and the early years of the Nineteen Sixties when the three movies mentioned earlier were being filmed, and the precursory and murky events that resulted in the assassination of President John F. Kennedy were taking place. Perhaps we are currently in another precursory phase like that one in Nineteen Sixty-Three?
But, even though the Internet came along and it was tweaked by the creation of the World Wide Web which supposedly made the Atlantic Ocean that separates the UK and USA evaporate in its divisive importance, the peoples of both the UK and USA are still ignorant about the geopolitical motivations of the leaders of both nations, and they are even less aware of the string-pullers who motivate those leaders from their classroom environments.
So when the focus is drawn specifically to the subject of the radio stations that once operated on board the 'Mi Amigo' and 'Olga Patricia' in the years from 1964 to 1967, it results in half-baked observations based upon limited knowledge by people who want to tell others about those two ships from a now distant past. Yet, those two ships and their prior activities that began in the late Nineteen Fifties which then stretched into that time and date in November 1963 when John F. Kennedy was murdered, are central to any understanding about the reason for the creation of 'Radio Caroline' in 1964.
Unfortunately, anoraks are not only the blind leading the blind in are not only the blind in telling the world about the history of offshore broadcasting, they are also part of the 2022 great-unwashed, who are oblivious to the situation currently facing humanity that can be compared to the Cold War years of the early Nineteen Sixties. If that is not the case, then where else is anyone trying to unravel in a forensic, and court room manner, the actual events that did result in the creation of 'Radio Caroline'?
This Blog and its related sites and publications seem to be alone in that task.
Off topic from our immediate and current theme, but in keeping with our main research and ongoing investigation, we now draw your attention to our revised entry on this Blog for 1/14/2022
While citing 'And the World Listened' in relation to the non-broadcasting ship 'Ceto' (see link in the paragraph above), we came across what appears to be an out-of-sequence insertion of a paragraph into the time flow of the manuscript of this book. It appears on page 162 and it refers to the 'Caroline Kennedy Hoax' which is stated as fact, even though it is a hoax that first appeared in the Spring of 1965, which is long after the creation of 'Radio Caroline'.
However, this section of the book which includes pages 161 to 163, deals with events in 1955 and 1956, and so the paragraph referred to that appears on page 162, is out of sequence. It appears to be an anecdotal insertion, but it is totally bogus in its content because it is an invented anecdote that never happened in the manner and time described. Plainly put, it is false and it does not belong in this book which does contain some excellent original information about Captain Plugge.
The hardback version of this book by Keith Wallis with an introduction by Professor Sean Street, has become a major source of reference for many publications since it was first published in 2008. Most of the references are in relation to the pre-World War II broadcasting activities of Captain Leonard F. Plugge, and this includes a detailed section about the salvage yacht 'Ceto' that plainly states that it was not a broadcasting ship. Unfortunately the authors seem to have omitted references to the 1927-1928 pioneering BBC broadcasts offshore from the vessel 'Magician'!
Also missing is a detailed explanation regarding the reason why the 'Daily Mail' and 'His Master's Voice' records teamed-up to engage in this publicity stunt involving the salvage yacht 'Ceto'. The story beginning on page 66 refers to Leslie Mainland of the 'Daily Mail'. Who is he? It claims that Mainland consulted Valentine Smith, chief of publicity for the 'Daily Mail' which was part of group of newspapers that included the 'Evening News' and 'Sunday Dispatch' all controlled by Harold Harmsworth who was known as Lord Rothermere.
Then there is the connection with Gordon Fenwick of His Master's Voice records. In 1928, HMV records was a major label created by The Gramophone Company Limited controlled by the U.S. Victor Talking Machine Company which merged with the Radio Corporation of America in 1929 to become RCA Victor. In 1931, the Gramophone Company Limited which became a part of RCA Victor, merged with the Columbia Graphophone Company to create a new conglomerate under the name of Electric and Musical Industries Limited (EMI).
So who was really pulling the strings to manipulate this publicity stunt?
If the press threads attached to the 'Daily Mail' are followed back in time, they become entangled with an aristocrat with a son who later became attached to Jocelyn Stevens and the beginnings of Radio Caroline in Nineteen Sixty Four.
But if we take another look at the publication year of this book by Keith Wallis, with an introduction by Professor Sean Street, we are now wandering around in that murky year of 1990 when a new UK Broadcasting Act turned the clocks back before 1876 when the 'Hovering Acts' were repealed. It was learning about the repeal of those Acts of Parliament that gave Allan Crawford the 'go ahead' with his plans for 'Radio Atlanta'. That same Act of 1990 also made it impossible for anyone to operate an unlicensed British offshore broadcasting station, including the venture which had adopted the name of 'Radio Caroline' and broadcast from a ship called 'Ross Revenge'!
In addition, the year 1990 cracked open the floodgates to a library of misinformation in books, magazines, newspaper articles as well as radio and television documentaries concerning the 1964 origins of 'Radio Caroline'. Who did these authors think that they were serving? Not students of broadcasting history, nor the fans of offshore radio who called themselves anoraks.
But as time has gone on, the number of books and articles has increased to the point that the absurd publications of Paul Rusling have appeared under the supporting endorsement of a man he calls "Sir Hans Knot"!
From yesterday's Blog:
"On June 26, 1963, U.S. President John F. Kennedy was in West Berlin where he made his "Ich bin ein Berliner" speech. He then took off to arrive in Dublin, Ireland, and after a short visit JFK took off over the Irish Sea for London, England where he met U.K. Prime Minister Harold Macmillan who took him on June 29, 1963 down to his home in West Sussex for an informal visit."
What JFK was really up to in West Sussex on June 29, 1963, we don't really know, but we do know that it had something to do with a rift in trust between the sharing of nuclear secrets, and a generational reassessment by a young American of an old Englishman. Kennedy was a devious player on the world stage in that he pretended to be what he was not, you see. His nepotistic brother Robert was also playing that same game with the American public via the American press. Both Kennedy brothers pretended to be peace loving guys whose word could be trusted, but in fact both Kennedy brothers were as devious in their own way as the secretive administrators who hid behind the British Crown.
A few months later around Noon on November 22, 1963, JFK was visiting Dallas, Texas in an open top limousine. Just after the clocks that were visible on its city streets reflected a change from half past the hour, JFK lost part of his head and he died, but today, in 2022, we still don't know why. Some suggest it was because of his brother Robert who worked in a subservient position to John, because to kill Bobby was not to kill the secret operation that Bobby was managing at a CIA base in South Miami, Florida.
John, who pretended not to be involved in a secret CIA operation, was in a position to appoint someone else in the event of Bobby's death. But if JFK died, then there was a good chance that the secret operational base in South Miami would also die. But who knew about that base and what it was doing? On November 22, 1963, just after 12:30 PM, JFK was dead, and although the secret CIA operatives in South Miami did not know it, their jobs were about to evaporate under a new President who had far grander ideas of aggression than merely terrorising Fidel Castro's island nation of Cuba.
The calendar moved on into December 1963 and suddenly the 'Olga Patricia' had become a surplus vessel, and so had the Mi Amigo. But while the 'Olga Patricia' was wrapped around the affairs of Manuel Airtime Buesa who no one really knew, the 'Mi Amigo' trailed back to the City of Assassination known as Dallas, Texas where three men - Murchison Jr; Thompson and McLendon were faced with a problem: quickly disposing of the 'Mi Amigo'. That ship had a history that led to the CIA because of its ties to Sweden.
Meanwhile, back in June 1963, a young Irishman had been dispatched on a secret mission to try to lease the 'Mi Amigo', but he did not represent the amount of cash necessary to buy it. Now, in December 1963 it was necessary to get rid of the 'Mi Amigo' at any cost in order to transfer it into other hands where press investigators could be led in other directions, and away from the trio in Dallas, Texas.
Ronan O'Rahilly was from Ireland, and so was Charles Orr Stanley who wanted the 'Mi Amigo' as part of his grand plan. So in the closing hours of 1963 the 'Mi Amigo' set off on a trans-Atlantic journey in order to satisfy another secret plan that also involved the procurement of another ship called 'Fredericia', but those plans did not involve the Central Intelligence Agency.
More tomorrow ....
In 1991 Oliver Stone created a movie called 'JFK' which pointed a finger at some characters in New Orleans as the perpetrators behind the murder of U.S. President John F. Kennedy in Dallas, Texas on November 22, 1963.
In November 2021, Oliver Stone bounced back on to television screens with a documentary 'follow-up' called 'JFK Revisited'. He reasserted his theory that the 1963 murder had been hushed-up by the 'Warren Report'. To this end he has recently added new documentation regarding the so-called 'magic bullet' and the autopsy of the corpse of John F. Kennedy.
Oliver Stone has also dusted off his original paper trail leading to the people that he says had motivation for pulling their triggers to shoot bullets in the direction of John F. Kennedy. He also says, the primary person who benefited most from the death of John F. Kennedy, was Vice-President Lyndon Baines Johnson from Texas.
Accepting the new forensic information to be worthy of consideration, and from the standpoint of logic and as the next-in-line beneficiary of the death of John F. Kennedy, that person was obviously manifested as being Vice-President Johnson. Okay, we can accept that as well.
But what is not clear, and what has never been clear, is the motivation for killing President John F. Kennedy in broad daylight and surrounded by onlookers in the heart of the City of Dallas, Texas. That suggests a sort of 'panic' motivation to get the job done within a limited time frame, no matter how difficult the task. That kind of motivation has also been the subject of discussion regarding the potential assassinations of Fidel Castro and Adolph Hitler.
What it does not suggest in those two instances, is some sort of suicide assassination where the job to be done is more important that the one who is to perform that job, and will surrender their own life in doing it. A suicide assassin could easily have 'taken out' both Fidel Castrol and Adolph Hitler. But suicidal assassins do not belong in the recorded legacy of Western culture.
However, the time and location setting for this very public murder of JFK does suggest an event that has the earmarks of desperation where short of suicidal assassination, the killers had to get the job done without fail before a specified deadline. What was that deadline?
While there are a lot of theories about such a deadline and the motivation behind the death of JFK, there are not a lot of facts, but there are a few that need to be considered. One suggested motive was an expansion or curtailment of the Vietnam War.
Vietnam was an open-ended 'problem', first for France and then for the USA that had been dragging on for years, but Oliver Stone pointed to Vietnam as being the cause of the assassination of JFK. However, a closer examination of the principal target does support a Vietnam connection and a companion suggestion that President Kennedy was going to dismantle the CIA is contradicted by the facts that are in evidence.
Let us review the timelines involved, and yes, there is more than one, and yes, they do overlap each other. This means that certain events involving the same characters take place in the same time period, but not within the same designated space of that time period. Events can be kept separate, and the left hand need not know what the right hand is doing. The military refers to this secretive process as a 'need to know', and what a captured operative does not know, that operative cannot disclose to an enemy, even under torture to the extreme end resulting in death. What you don't know, you don't know.
The timeline that we need to reconsider can be split into three main lines for the purpose of this evaluation, but others strands can, and probably should be added. But here we are dealing with basics and not necessarily with the fine details of the story.
We begin with a story of a strange individual who emerged as a U.S. serviceman who worked in Japan at a U.S. air base attached to the flights of the U-2 spy planes. His name is Lee Harvey Oswald who returned to the USA and by September 1959 he was departing from New Orleans on board a ship bound for Le Havre in France, which then set off across the English Channel. At Southampton, England, Lee Harvey Oswald disembarked on October 9, 1959, and the same day, with only $700 in his pocket, he somehow arrived in Helsinki, Finland.
There are a few guesses at to how he accomplished this, but no solid facts, and the investigating U.S. authorities officially reported that they were not sure how he got to Finland and then checked into an expensive hotel with only $700 to his name. But we do know that he was allowed into the USSR and then sent to the City of Minsk in the State of Belarus. Oswald then began work in Minsk as a lathe operator at the Gorizont Electronics Factory,
In March 1961, Oswald, who was 21, met Marina Prusakova who was 19 and six weeks later they were married. A daughter named June was born on February 15, 1962, and then on June 1, 1962, the three of them were given documents and $435.71 to emigrate back to the USA. This time Oswald took a more direct route than the one that took Lee Harvey Oswald to the USSR. In July 1962 he took up residence in the Dallas-Fort Worth Metroplex of Texas.
Oliver Stone points to the Central Intelligence Agency (CIA) and a plan to ramp-up the military war in Vietnam and related countries in South-east Asia. Stone says that the Kennedy brothers were opposed to that idea after they became disillusioned by the CIA after its failed attempt in 1961 to invade the island of Cuba. That plan was inherited by JFK from his predecessor in the Office of President, General Dwight Eisenhower.
According to the latest output from Oliver Stone, and the mythology in which he has now mixed the latest forensic research into the 'magic bullet' and bogus autopsy, the peace-loving U.S. President John F. Kennedy and his nepotistic brother Robert F. Kennedy, who served his president as U.S. Attorney General, the CIA had to be destroyed.
But is that true?
What the public from that era remembers, is that after the 1961 'Bay of Pigs' fiasco, there came a showdown in 1962 with the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics (USSR), and that showdown almost ended in a nuclear World War III.
But while that was taking place in the news headlines, these two conniving individuals (John and Robert), were engaging in a highly secret operation with ominous overtones regarding the the geopolitical future of the USA. Just after the failed invasion of Cuba in 1961 when President John F. Kennedy hung the CIA out to dry in public, in private, he was meeting with the CIA Director John McCone and these two created a spin-off of the CIA that was not located in Langley, Virginia, but in South Miami, Florida.
Nosey news reporters were told at the front gate facilities, that the University of South Miami had leased part of its campus once occupied by a helium balloon facility, to a private research company. In reality it was the front entrance to an operation controlling a huge private air force, a fleet of ships, and an army of men who for the most part were based outside of U.S. borders. Day-to-day money transfers were 'washed' via a bank in Miami, but management of this operation called 'Special Group' was vested in the chairmanship of Robert F. Kennedy in Washington, D.C.
Inside the 'Special Group' was an even more secretive operation called 'Special Group (Augmented) or 'SGA'. Its members were charged with overthrowing Castro's government, which in the press, President Kennedy claimed that he would not attempt to do. Using plausible denial, he left the control of the SGA in the hands of his brother RFK who was supported by John McCone (CIA Director); McGeorge Bundy (National Security Adviser); Alexis Johnson (State Department); Roswell Gilpatric (Defence Department); General Lyman Lemnitzer (Joint Chiefs of Staff) and General Maxwell Taylor. Also in attendance when necessary, were Dean Rusk (Secretary of State) and Robert S. McNamara (Secretary of Defence).
The year was 1962 and while Bobby Kennedy kept his head down and his brother just made angry scathing attacks on the CIA in public, one reporter in Miami began wondering about the ownership of various ships that were being tied-up in South Florida waters. One of those vessels was a ship that was under the control of Manuel Airtime Buesa, and he had been a key person in the original landings on the island of Cuba at the 'Bay of Pigs'. President Kennedy succeeded in bribing Fidel Castro for the release of Airtime, as he was often referred to. In fact, President Kennedy welcomed back 'BAM' as he was also known by the reversal of his initials, at a very public ceremony in a very public sports stadium. JFK handled the military colors of Airtime's invading force and promised him that 'BAM's military flag would one day very soon, fly over Havana, Cuba!
Airtime then became involved in one of those strange vessels that docked in a U.S. Air Force pen at South Miami. Its name is 'Olga Patricia'. To cover the real purpose behind the assignment of this vessel when it appeared on Galveston island where it was outfitted with helium cylinders, the press was told that they would inflate high altitude balloons from its decks. This was duly reported by the press. The balloons would be released while the 'Olga Patricia' was in international waters, and samples would be collected by the instruments attached to the balloons. They were looking for signs of nuclear fallout.
However, this CIA ship was not conducting atmospheric research, even though it was launching balloons from its deck. Attached to those balloons were several types of propaganda from toys to literature, and they were released at a certain altitude where they would then descend upon the island of Cuba to be retrieved by ordinary citizens.
In March 1963, during the time that the 'Olga Patricia' was making its home at the Port of Galveston, a vessel named 'Mi Amigo', ex-'Magda Maria'; ex-'Bon Jour' also arrived. The press, being competitive and regionalized in the years before the dawn of the Internet's World Wide Web, managed to assert that the 'Mi Amigo' had been a radio ship attached to the CIA. But further reports noted that its ownership was vested in a trio based in Dallas, Texas. One of these people was a big name connected to Texas oil and engineering. His name is Clint Murchison Jr., and he was an associate of a man who headed a company fulfilling government building contracts. The name of that millionaire is Robert F. Thompson, and both of them were pals on a social level with Gordon McLendon, who with his father, owned movie theatres and broadcasting stations.
McLendon had one other 'asset', he was pals with fellow Texan David Atlee Phillips who was born in nearby Fort Worth. Phillips was a CIA master of 'dirty tricks' and in 1954 he masterminded a plan that led to the overthrow of the government of Guatemalan President Jacobo Arbenz. Phillips engineered the fall of Arbenz with a 'pirate' radio station that broadcast a form of make-believe political theater which claimed that a real rebel army was marching on the capital. To give it a limited fear factor, Phillips had an aircraft drop a bomb or two in the vicinity of the presidential palace. Arbenz fled.
Phillips either learned his craft from McLendon, or McLendon learned his craft from Phillips, because the first thing that McLendon did when he got into sports broadcasting, was to learn how to create fake play-by-play commentary while he was actually sitting in the basement of a hotel in a suburb of Dallas. McLendon was assisted by a person relaying telegraphed information from the actual game, and by special effects personal sitting next to McLendon. From this McLendon was able to build a formidable sports network, long before he turned his attention to pop music.
As time went by McLendon's talents were called upon by CIA operatives running Radio Free Europe, and then, with the help of Murchison and Thompson, they equipped the 'Mi Amigo' as a radio station called 'Nord', and anchored it off Stockholm in the Baltic Sea. Its broadcasts were heard not only in Sweden, but in the captive Baltic States behind the 'Iron Curtain' of the USSR. When the Swedish government made it impossible to continue, in the second half of 1962, the ship was offered for sale to Allan Crawford, an Australian music publisher in England who hoped to use it to 'plug' his own independent record label and artists. That plan failed to take-off and so the ship was taken to Galveston where it was stripped of its broadcasting equipment upon instructions from Bill Weaver, the national manager for McLendon's radio stations.
On June 26, 1963, U.S. President John F. Kennedy was in West Berlin where he made his "Ich bin ein Berliner" speech. He then took off to arrive in Dublin, Ireland, and after a short visit JFK took off over the Irish Sea for London, England where he met U.K. Prime Minister Harold Macmillan who took him on June 29, 1963 down to his home in West Sussex for an informal visit.
Meanwhile, in June 1963 while JFK was in Ireland and then in England, a young Irishman named Ronan O'Rahilly who later claimed to be a huge fan of the U.S. President, was not following him in Ireland or in England, but on his way to Houston, Texas. His flight went from London to Idlewild Airport in New York State, and then by another flight to Texas for a journey taking over 15 hours.
The reason why O'Rahilly had to fly from London to New York on the first part of his journey, is that there were no regular direct flights at that time from London to Houston. But it was on the first part of this journey that Ronan O'Rahilly later tied to reading a newspaper or a magazine (the source kept changing with the telling of the story), in which President Kennedy's 5 years-old daughter Caroline was photographed with her younger brother John Jr., in the Oval Office of the White House.
But this fluid story also related to a fictitious scene in which Caroline was shown crawling under the President's desk, and although much later she did indeed crawl under that desk in another photographic sequence, it was John Jr., who was shown on that occasion as the one doing the exploring. However, this apocryphal tale of reminiscence was invented for telling to journalists in 1965, as a means of explaining how Radio Caroline got its name.
The event recalled by O'Rahilly was a phantom, an invention. It never happened. The origin of that story began with a British journalist working in New York in 1965 who successfully used it to persuade the murdered brother of Robert F. Kennedy into playing along with a tabloid publicity stunt.
So while the still living President John F. Kennedy was in Ireland chatting away to his kith and kin, and then informally chatting away with Prime Minister Harold Macmillan about the nuclear missile deterrent that Kennedy's predecessor President General Eisenhower had promised the United Kingdom; Ronan O'Rahilly was visiting a stripped down radio ship docked on the island of Galveston, south of Houston, Texas where he bought a pair of cowboy boots.
Then came the assassination of John F. Kennedy on November 22, 1963, and it was followed shortly afterwards on November 24, 1963, by the murder of his accused trigger-man Lee Harvey Oswald. That happened while he was in police custody; surrounded by news reporters and captured 'live' for an awestruck television audience to witness for themselves.
Tomorrow we will explain how these factions all come together in a sea of lies and mayhem.
The only 'swinging' in the real Sixties that took place, involved the strangulation of truth and the murder of the President of the United States of America.
The reason is simple: Ronan O'Rahilly never knew the person that Radio Caroline was named after, and he began to invent a totally fictitious tale.
The problem is that so did Ian Cowper Ross.
Christopher Moore just played along with the mythology.
So who knew the real answer?
How did he know?
Well, thereby hangs the entire backstory about 'The Queen' magazine.
In his original version of his 'Bible', Rusling also made up a tale about how Stevens came to own 'The Queen' magazine. Then, after we began to explain who Rusling is and how he got a lot of new information which he tried to graft on to the fictious rubbish spun by O'Rahilly and Ross, he modified his fake tale somewhat, but he still had no idea of what the backstory is, and without knowing that, then he could not understand why Ronan O'Rahilly made up his tale about flying to the northeast of the USA, when he in fact flew to the southeast in June 1963. That is also a date that O'Rahilly never talked about and Rusling tried to work it into his narrative.
Just one problem. Mervyn Hagger is the sole source of information relating to the flight taken by O'Rahilly to Houston, Texas. How did Hagger know? Because Hagger went to live in Texas and he met the people who met with Ronan O'Rahilly!
But then there is the 'Jimmy' story spun by Ian Cowper Ross for his novel. That myth does not square with the O'Rahilly myths, and yet it involves both O'Rahilly and Christopher Moore who then began to promote the Caroline Kennedy myth in the USA during the latter half of 1965.
Such a lot of lies and none of them are compatible!
Meanwhile, the only person who knew the truth was Jocelyn Stevens and he was not talking!
So how did we manage to uncover the true story when everyone else failed?
Well we discovered the origin of the Caroline Kennedy myth by following the career of a journalist from Scotland who was working in London. We also followed the career trail of Beatrix Miller who invented a Style Sheet named after a person named Carolyn who Jocelyn Stevens renamed Caroline.
So who was this person named Carolyn, and how did we manage to track her down?
We followed the trail of her grandfather and father and then we followed his daughter named Carolyn.
Do we have a picture of Carolyn?
Yes, we do!
It was taken in 1965 at Carolyn's garden gate, but unfortunately it is pixelated because it appeared in a newspaper that was scanned and so it lost some of its clarity. Now we are trying to find a good picture of her.
Is she still alive?
No, she died a few decades ago and she was not that old.
So faced with a lot of questions, Ronan O'Rahilly, not having any real answers, began making stuff up about a 5 years old girl whose father had just been murdered in Dallas, Texas, around the time that the Radio Caroline project was first dreamed up.
Can we prove all of this to court room standards?
(Otherwise we would not be telling you this much!)
Now tell all this to OEM; Paul Rusling and his "Sir Hans Knot"; Mike Leonard and all of the many fiction writers such as Keith Skues and of Ray Clark who interviewed the number two liar - Ian Cowper Ross.
We will of course erase all abusive emails from anoraks who are worried that they have been conned by Ronan O'Rahilly and Ian Cowper Ross.
Years ago, before anyone else thought of doing it, a guy by the name of Mike Leonard published a huge encyclopedia of information about offshore broadcasting. For its time it was very good, but then, Mike became careless. He published a second and much, much thinner volume and it was not very good. So Mike's next move was to go 'cyber' and create a 'museum', but some of its information and some of its 'artifacts' are bogus - such as his dedication to perpetuating the myth of the salvage yacht called 'CETO' ....
REVISED TEXT: 1/18/2022 - Please note that the text that follows in this section differs from our original publication of this Blog entry. It has been amended due to an overlooked but unrelated segment in a book referenced below, which in turn has now raised further questions about a sequential chain of bogus information that has been inserted into the timeline of British offshore broadcasting. (An explanation will follow in an updated edition of this Blog.)
There is a BIG problem with Mike Leonard's Internet page, and it is the same one that was promoted by Paul Rusling's "Sir Hans Knot" on his own web page: The CETO was not a radio ship!
So why the big fuss over highlighting something that never was?
Offshore radio enthusiasts are fond of doing that. Readers begin to wonder whether they worship the ships rather attempt to distort broadcasting history, which they most certainly do. In this instance they should have taken note of the text on pages 66-68 headed 'Ships and Stunts' which is part of this book:
However, while this book by Keith Wallis (with the help and endorsement of Professor Sean Street) attempts to document the life and times of Captain Leonard F. Plugge as "a pioneer of commercial radio", when it gets 'off topic', that is, away from the life of Captain Leonard F. Plugge, it also falls victim to a fairly recent attempt (in terms of published 'history' of events), to an overlooked aspect of the passage into UK law of the 1990 Broadcasting Act. The relationship of that Act of the UK Parliament to the subject matter under investigation by this and our companion Blog will be addressed separately.
But the anoraks, the really loony anoraks who seem to worship the idea that a transmitter can be placed on board a ship to broadcast - so long as it is not a BBC broadcast from a BBC radio ship, well they have created this mythology about the salvage yacht CETO, chartered by the 'Daily Mail' as an inshore publicity stunt, in order to obliterate what really happened in 1927, a year before this 'Daily Mail' publicity stunt was ever dreamed of. Yet the brand new British Broadcasting Corporation under the management of John Reith did use a vessel to begin offshore broadcasting in 1927, and then they repeated this achievement in 1928, in the months before the 'Daily Mail' tried to copy the BBC! But there is more! In 1949 the BBC working with Pye, successfully commenced television transmissions from another ship, and as you now know, the censored story of Pye is central to the true story of offshore radio - the story that the anoraks do not want you to know! This is what Mike Leonard has put online - see the image above and then read the text again below:
So, as dutifully noted by Mike Leonard in lockstep with Rusling's "Sir Hans Knot", here is the pitiful excuse why the 'Daily Mail' could not do what the BBC did - or did they? In other words, any radio historian will discover that the 'Daily Mail' rode on the back of the infant BBC to gain publicity. The CETO was not their only neo-BBC cloned idea. In other words, this was never intended to defy the GPO or impact the BBC, it was just a publicity stunt using loudspeakers blasting at the shoreline from within spitting distance (so to speak) of the shoreline!
The bottom line is that anoraks are FRAUDSTERS!
For some silly and totally misleading reason, the average empty-headed and noisy anorak seems to think that recorded music became the driving force behind the creation of 'Radio Caroline'. It was not. But equal, if not of more importance than the real reasons for the completed stage of 1964 broadcasting from an anchored ship, was the reason or rather, the originating force behind the need to go offshore. The power to censor, that is to control, was, and still is, in the hands of the British Crown, a corporation sole. But carrying out the mandates of the British Crown was the General Post Office. To understand how all this came about in the year 1660, you should read our article about the so-called 'Interregnum'. It is not for fools and those who worship the nonsense stories spread by Ronan O'Rahilly, but for those who want real answers. Click here.
As previously reported in this and in our companion Blog, British offshore broadcasting began in 1927 with the BBC, just after it had been licensed as a Crown corporation to take over from the original commercial BBC operation which held an exclusive right to broadcast within the United Kingdom.
The authority granted to the original commercial BBC came from the British Crown through its Post Office. Its power of monopoly over all forms of mass communications can be traced back to 1660, and the dubious establishment of a new monarchy which came into existence following an Act of Oblivion that forbade political discussion of anything that happened prior to that date. The proceeding years were dubbed the 'Interregnum', and they pretended to make the claim that the moment King Charles was executed in 1649, his son who was later dubbed 'King Charles II' (he was never crowned in Scotland), continued the monarchy.
That was not just an untruth, it was a physical impossibility with any foundation in fact.
After the reign of Charles II came an equally murky period when the next king in line was pushed off his throne and had to flee when the invading Dutch Army of William and Mary (whose exploits are still recalled in Northern Ireland by referring to this invader as 'King Billy'), stormed ashore. Calling it a "Glorious" or "Bloodless Revolution" is also a lie. This Dutch Army of King Billy killed its foes to conquer the British Isles. But then, English kids were taught in school that the year 1066 was the last time that a successful invasion had taken place. Of course the Scots don't believe that because they were constantly invaded by the English and their foreign friends.
But history is full of political lies and British history is one big lie.
When it comes to broadcasting history, we only have to look at the output of people like Keith Skues; Ray Clark and Paul Rusling to realize that the lies and deceit continue to this day.
In fact, the entire history of the British monarchy after 1649 is one of concealment, lies, distortions and censorship. This is the aura surrounding the birth of the original British Broadcasting Company Ltd which was followed by the British Broadcasting Corporation. It is also the story behind the story about the creation of British offshore broadcasting which was inaugurated by the 'second' BBC.
For details of the totally corrupted history of the so-called United Kingdom, please read our academic article that is Online and free to read at this location: click here.
On April 2, 1927, the new British Broadcasting Corporation chartered by the British Crown, commenced its first 'live' commentary that was transmitted from offshore (not on land), using a transmitter installed on board the vessel 'Magician'.
This was the first year of broadcasting for the new BBC which had taken over the facilities of the original British Broadcasting Company Limited (formed on October 18, 1922), and registered on December 15, 1922 which then operated under a Crown license until December 31, 1926. The original BBC company was finally liquidated on December 12, 1929.
The vessel used by the BBC was a launch, and not a sea-going ship, because its voyage consisted of following the Oxford and Cambridge university rowers down the Thames River. On board were announcers Oliver 'Gully' Nickalls and Sir John Squire.
Power for the transmitter was supplied from a generator and batteries that were supervised by a radio engineer. The transmission was made to shore by shortwave, where they were then received and retransmitted over BBC land-based stations to listeners.
This 1927 broadcast from offshore was repeated the following year, and in the Nineteen Fifties, the PYE Group of companies headed by Charles Orr Stanley continued in this British offshore radio tradition using another vessel.
Later still, the PYE Group used their knowledge coupled with a radio engineer who was employed by PYE after his retirement from the BBC, to begin the commercial operation which on March 27, 1964 was publicly identified as 'Radio Caroline'.
"There is a Party slogan dealing with the control of the past,' he said. 'Repeat it, if you please.'
'"Who controls the past controls the future: who controls the present controls the past,"' repeated Winston obediently.
'"Who controls the present controls the past,"' said O'Brien, nodding his head with slow approval. 'Is it your opinion, Winston, that the past has real existence?'
.... 'You are no metaphysician, Winston,' he said. 'Until this moment you had never considered what is meant by existence. I will put it more precisely. Does the past exist concretely, in space? Is there somewhere or other a place, a world of solid objects, where the past is still happening?'
'Then where does the past exist, if at all?'
'In records. It is written down.'
'In records. And --?'
'In the mind. In human memories.'
'In memory. Very well, then. We, the Party, control all records, and we control all memories. Then we control the past, do we not?'
'But how can you stop people remembering things?' cried Winston again momentarily forgetting the dial. 'It is involuntary. It is outside oneself. How can you control memory? You have not controlled mine!'
.... 'On the contrary,' he said, 'you have not controlled it.
.... You believe that reality is something objective, external, existing in its own right. You also believe that the nature of reality is self-evident. When you delude yourself into thinking that you see something, you assume that everyone else sees the same thing as you.
.... Reality exists in the human mind, and nowhere else. Not in the individual mind, which can make mistakes, and in any case soon perishes: only in the mind of the Party, which is collective and immortal.
Whatever the Party holds to be the truth, is truth. It is impossible to see reality except by looking through the eyes of the Party. ....
From the novel 'Nineteen Eighty-Four' by George Orwell.
Anoraks are the victims of 'Room 101' - not the TV show - the indoctrination room used by Keith Skues; Ray Clark and Paul Rusling. All are previous victims of brainwashing by 'Big Brother' and now 'Big Brother' has come for you. 'Big Brother' controls your past.
If you still doubt that Jimmy Ross existed, you need to listen to 'Sir Hans Knot' and begin reading your 'Caroline Bible' every day ....
Many will have noticed the command by 'Sir Hans Knot' to read your 'Rusling Bible' every day. This is the same person who told readers in his own radio bulletin all about the yacht 'CETO' - which in 1928 was not a radio ship, but a converted salvage vessel blasting music to the shore over giant loudspeakers! Here is a news-clipping about that 'Daily Mail' publicity stunt ....
But 'Sir Hans' (as Paul Rusling calls him), completely overlooked the fact that before this amplified offshore gramophone began playing, the BBC had already conducted a 'live' commentary from a vessel that was transmitted to the shore and heard by listeners over their own wireless receiving sets ....
Oh dear, oh dear, oh dear! In terms of British ears it looks as if the BBC began licensed offshore broadcasting - decades before anyone else got the idea. Not only that, but they did it with two 'live' radio commentators on board!
The problem with 'Sir Hans' and the anoraks in general, which of course includes their Great and Almighty Rusling who wrote The Radio Caroline Bible, is that they glorify the paid (and even unpaid) help who provide tales of second-hand gossip, but they ignore and therefore fail to document the brains and money behind the scene. When they do try to fill in the gaps, they refer to phantoms such as 'Jimmy' - who either sold fish or phones (according to Wikipedia!) - but who in reality never existed as a human person.
So here is John Reith's BBC - having just morphed from a business enterprise holding company, into a Crown licensed monopoly - in 1928 - even before the soon-to-be-scrapped yacht Cato began to let loose with its loudspeakers - broadcasting from the BBC vessel called 'Magician' - with 40 watts of power over a 10-feet high antenna with the licensed call sign of station 6 BBC.
How about that 'Sir Hans'?
Now look at this, it seems that the BBC were doing this back in 1927 ....
What the big mouths all overlook in their vain-glorifying gossip about disc jockeys, is the real story, because these 1927-1928 Boat Race news reports are the foundation of the story picked-up by PYE.
Therein is the connecting link to the really authentic story behind the creation of 'Radio Caroline' back in 1964 as a phantom operation that PYE disguised.
Even the story behind the name 'Radio Caroline' is NOT the one that Paul Rusling STOLE from us while our own investigation was still ongoing. The story, the real story behind the name of Radio Caroline is something that we have not as yet reported in public, but which we have thoroughly researched and documented.
If you have been swindled by anorak publishers claiming to know the real story, then it is time for you to demand a refund from these conmen!
Remember, so far, we have NOT charged any of our readers even one penny for this original information. It is the conmen and liars, cheats and fraudsters who are taking money from the public, but they do not have the real story because they have not invested their own time and money to uncover it. They steal it from us, but because they do not understand what they have stolen, they then mangle and twist it to fit silly, childish stories such as the one about 'Jimmy' the sometimes fishmonger and sometimes phone salesman!
We worked all through Christmas and New Year, and now we are taking a short break for the remainder of this week while we sift through and file some of the latest material that we have uncovered, If you been astute, you will have got the key clue to what we now know about that offshore radio station that began testing on March 27, 1964. We will be back on January 10, 2022, unless something that can't wait to be told happens in the meantime.
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